University of Naples Federico II
or Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
higher education institution in Italy.
University of Naples Federico II - Description
The foundation of the University of Naples, that since 1987 bears the name of its first promoter, was made public by a generalis lictera issued by Frederick II Hohenstaufen, King of Sicily and Head of the Roman Empire, by a document written in Siracusa on June 5th 1224. Frederick II wished to subtract the education of the administrative personnel of his own state to the monopoly de factu of the northern Universities, especially that in Bologna, since these were virtually autonomous or subject to the Pope's influence. He is thus one of the first sovereigns to create a state university (in fact the first to be successful in doing this), a university whose teachers he could select and whose regulations he could deliberate on, in contrast with the totally free and spontaneous process, initiated by both teachers and students, which had presided to the formation of the first European universities in the previous decades. This contrast is further shown by the fact that the Emperor forbade his subjects to go and study anywhere else, and reserved to himself the right to confer academic titles. By 1860 the academic institution, divided into six Faculties (Theology, Law, Arts, Medicine, Mathematics and Natural...