It is not difficult to enroll at a Canadian university, but there are some nuances and subtleties. Universities in all provinces, except Quebec, accept students after the 11th grade. You will need a high school diploma with a good GPA and an IELTS, TOEFL, or DELF certificate. Also, some universities require standardized tests and a motivation letter.

In the article, we discuss the admission process in Canada, requirements for bachelor's and master’s programs, as well as information on applied colleges and CÉGEP.

You can read more about the Canadian higher education system in our separate article.

Guidance in the admission process

Our staff will walk you through the entire admission process: from choosing a university and preparing documents to enrollment and obtaining a visa. We are always in touch and ready to answer any questions. UniPage experts will always objectively assess your situation and suggest the most suitable university options.

Canada - General information
region North America
Capital Ottawa
Language English, French
Currency Canadian Dollar
Population 35,158,300
Students 1,015,000
Foreigner students 11.9%
Statistics - Universities
Universities in top 100 4
Universities in top 200 8
Universities in top 500 21
Universities in top 1000 27
Universities in top 5000 78
Cost of living in Canada
Expenses - USD/Month Min. Med.
Accommodation 294 376
Food 239 416
Transportation 54 144
Communications and utilities 81 89
Clothing 19 71
Sports and leisure 23 84
Total 711 1,179
Accommodation in Canada USD/Month
Shared room outside of centre 297
Shared room in city centre 380
1 bedroom apartment outside of centre 539
1 bedroom apartment in city centre 690
Location on map

Cost of education in Canada

ProgramAgeDurationMin. cost per yearAvg. cost per yearMin. language levelEnglish / French
Foundation16+1 year7,829 USD11,743 USDB1
College17+1-4 years2,505 USD8,612 USDB2
Bachelor's17+3-4 years7,829 USD14,092 USDB2
Master's20+1-3 years2,349 USD19,572 USDC1
MBA20 +2 years15,658 USD23,487 USDC1
PhD20+3-6 years1,957 USD13,309 USDC1

ExpenseAverage cost
Registration fee67 USD114 USDFor CÉGEP
Document legalization92-195 USDWithout taxes
Visa fee117 USD
Rent1,498 USD/month
Groceries68 USD/month
Internet64 USD/month
Transportation78 USD/month
Utilities135 USD/month

Options for admission to Canada

How to choose a university

Choosing a university is one of the most important stages of the admission process. Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories — each one differs in the language of instruction, deadlines, costs, admission requirements, and scholarship programs at universities. For example, you cannot enter a university in Quebec after finishing the 11th grade — applicants must study for 2 years at a CÉGEP, where programs are predominantly in French.

Other criteria for choosing a Canadian university:

  • University ranking. In addition to major international rankings, such as QS and THE, you should also refer to national rankings — they significantly narrow the search for a suitable university. For example, Maclean's University Ranking is a good option for assessing Canadian universities. According to this ranking system, the University of Sherbrooke is in 1st place in terms of student satisfaction, followed by Laval University. The University of Montreal is in 5th place.
  • Speciality. It is also important to consider how well your specialty is developed at a given university. QS and THE subject rankings help with this — for instance, the University of Toronto ranks 12th in the world for science and medicine, but only 34th for engineering and technology[1].
  • Scholarship programs for foreigners. The average tuition cost at Canadian universities is 14,092 USD per year. This is the lowest cost among English-speaking countries, but education in Canada can hardly be called cheap. Scholarship programs that cover up to 50% of tuition costs come to the rescue. Many universities automatically award merit-based scholarships at the admission stage. It is also worth considering specific programs for foreigners.
  • Internships and co-op education. If work experience and employment rates are a priority for you, then it is important to consider internship opportunities or initially choose applied colleges and universities. Some universities in Canada offer so-called co-op education, in which students combine their bachelor’s or master’s studies with part-time jobs.
  • Other criteria. This includes campus location (in a large metropolis or small town), weather, along with internship opportunities and student exchanges. For PhD students, it may also be important for universities to have laboratories and research grants.
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Best universities in Canada

Information is exploratory. For accurate information, refer to the official website of the school.
TitleCityBachelorMaster
211University of TorontoToronto
 
 
 
 
342McGill UniversityMontreal
 
 
 
 
353The University of British ColumbiaVancouver
 
 
 
 
974University of AlbertaEdmonton
 
 
 
 
1085University of MontrealMontreal
 
 
 
 
1166McMaster UniversityHamilton
 
 
 
 
1717University of WaterlooWaterloo
 
 
 
 
1978University of Western OntarioLondon
 
 
 
 
2019University of CalgaryCalgary
 
 
 
 
20310Queen's UniversityKingston
 
 
 
 
20811Simon Fraser UniversityBurnaby
 
 
 
 
23312Dalhousie UniversityHalifax
 
 
 
 
24113University of OttawaOttawa
 
 
 
 
25514University of VictoriaVictoria
 
 
 
 
25815Laval UniversityQuébec
 
 
 
 

University of Toronto
University of Toronto

Requirements for admission to Canada

Admission in Canada is possible after graduating from the 11th grade.

Higher education in Canada can be obtained at universities and vocational colleges. In both cases, you must have a diploma of complete secondary education. Moreover, be sure that the university or college is accredited, otherwise you may be denied a visa.

In addition to educational documents, you will also need:

  • IELTS or TOEFL certificate. The minimum required IELTS score at most Canadian universities is 6.5, while TOEFL scores should range from 80-100. For successful enrollment, it is better to have an IELTS score of at least 7.5.
  • GPA. It is advisable to have a score of at least 3.0 on a 4-point scale. Also, some universities will give you a conditional offer if you are still in high school or college. In this case, your performance is assessed based on midterm results or estimated final grades[2]. However, you will have to match your predicted GPA with the actual score.

Additional requirements:

  • Standardized test results. These are not required by all universities. Most often, SAT / ACT results are needed for bachelor’s programs, while master’s applicants need GMAT or GRE scores.
  • Motivational letter — your task is to profitably show your strengths and convince the admissions committee to choose you. Write about your achievements, interests, goals, and dreams. Most often, a motivation letter is needed for admission to a master's program, but some universities require it for bachelor's studies as well.
  • Recommendation letters help the admissions committee look at you through the eyes of university professors or employers. They help other people get to know you better and understand your strengths and weaknesses.

Admission process in Quebec

In many ways, the education system in Quebec differs from the rest of Canada. For example, this is the only province where children go to school not for twelve, but eleven years. However, completion of the 11th grade is not enough to enter a university in Quebec. The province has its own kind of bridge between secondary and higher education — CÉGEPCollège d'enseignement général et professionnel. Depending on the program, education at the college lasts 2-3 years. The two-year educational program paves the way for higher education in Quebec, while the three-year programs are designed for students who plan to get a job straight out of college.

Foreign applicants who wish to enter a university in Quebec need to have at least 12 years of study behind themOr 13, depending on the university. To do so, you can go to a Canadian college or pursue one year of bachelor’s studies in your home country.

Diploma legalization and evaluation

Most foreign documents in Canada must undergo consular legalization. However, in the case of a diploma, an apostille and notarized translation are sufficient.

Universities handle document evaluationRecognition procedure on their own. If they do not have the right to independently assess the qualifications of a candidate, they request certificates from independent credential evaluation services.

Canadian universities and employers recognize the assessment of the six major organizations that make up the Alliance of Credential Evaluation Services of Canada (ACESC). World Education Services (WES) is one such popular service. If desired, the student can contact one of them in advance, but this is not necessary. Canadian universities take into account the judgment of these organizations, but still reserve the right to make a final decision on the recognition of qualifications.

Preparatory programs — Foundation in Canada

In the event that a student does not have sufficient language proficiency or knowledge of other subjects to enter a college or university, he can pursue a one-year Foundation program. Such programs help students adapt to the country and learn the language. Some universities offer their own preparatory courses for foreigners, but there are also independent programs at language schools.

Read more about language courses in Canada

The requirements for Foundation programs are lower than those for admission to a college or university. The minimum required level of English or French is B1 (Intermediate / Intermédiaire). However, some universities impose GPA requirements — at least 3.0 on a 4-point scale. Check the exact requirements on the website of the chosen preparatory program.

A list of available Foundation courses in Canada can be found on the official websites of universities or on specific aggregators for finding study programs.

Lecture hall at the University of Calgary
Lecture hall at the University of Calgary

How to apply for a bachelor's degree

You can pursue a bachelor’s program at a Canadian university upon graduation from the 11th grade, with the exception of some provinces. For example, universities in Quebec only accept foreign applicants who have done one year of bachelor’s studies in their home country, or two years at a CÉGEP.

In Canada, there is no uniform system for university admission. However, there are similar services in some provinces, such as Ontario — this is a website where you can apply to several universities at the same time. Moreover, prospective students can apply to an unlimited amount of programs. That being said, you can only apply to three programs within one university[3]. Such a procedure entails application fees — 122 USD for three programs, and 39 USD for each additional program.

Read more

Deadlines

Enrollment at Canadian universities takes place during the fall and winter semesters. Deadlines for document submission are in December-March and September-November, respectively. Some universities have an additional intake for the spring semester, which ends in February.

Document submissionSome documents can be submitted online, while others can later be sent by mail begins a year before the expected start of the program, and official acceptance decisions from educational institutions come a month after the deadline. Often, admissions committees consider applications as they are received and within a certain quota, and therefore, early submission of documents significantly increases the enrollment chances of a candidate.

Universities set their application deadlines independently. This information should be specified on the website of the selected program.

UniversityApplication deadline
University of TorontoJanuary 13
McGill UniversityJanuary 15
University of British ColumbiaJanuary 15
University of MontrealFebruary 1Fall semester / September 1Winter semester
University of AlbertaMarch 1
University of WaterlooJanuary 13
Queen's UniversityFebruary 1
University of CalgaryMarch 1

Documents for admission

  • Passport copy
  • High school diploma, transcript, and their notarized translation
  • Certificate of document legalization
  • IELTS 6.5 / TOEFL 86-100 / PTE 59-65 or DELF / DALFThe minimum score is set by the university for francophone programs

You may also need:

As a rule, you do not need to take additional entrance tests when applying for Canadian bachelor's programs. However, each university establishes its own list of requirements. Clarify this information on the official website of the chosen university.

How to apply for a master’s degree

You can enroll in a Canadian master’s program upon completion of a bachelor's degree.

Applications are sent directly to the chosen university. It is advisable to start preparing for the admission process at least a year in advance, namely to have time to pass the standardized GRE and GMAT exams. These exams test the English proficiency and analytical skills of the applicant.

Also, an academic resume, motivation letter, and 1-2 recommendations from professors are required for master’s programs.

An MBA is a master's degree in business administration. Requirements for admission include a bachelor’s degree with a high GPA (3.6 out of 4), a motivation letter, GMAT scores of 550-750, and an IELTS score of at least 7.0. Also, a frequent requirement is work experience of at least 2 years and letters of recommendation from colleagues and managers.

MBA programs are offered at 47 Canadian universities. Application deadlines vary depending on the specific program, but are usually set in March.

Deadlines

The admission period for master’s programs is similar to that of bachelor's programs — 2-3 times a year.

Application period for select Canadian universities:

UniversityApplication period
University of TorontoSeptember-March
University of British ColumbiaNovember-January / January-March
University of Montreal1 FebruaryFall semester / September 1stWinter semester
University of AlbertaJanuary-JuneFall semester / September-NovemberWinter semester
McMaster UniversityOctober-January
University of WaterlooSeptember-DecemberFall semester / January-AprilWinter semester / May-AugustSpring semester
University of CalgaryJanuary-MayWinter semester

Documents for admission

University of Alberta
University of Alberta

How to apply for a PhD

Doctoral studies in Canada are designed for future researchers and teachers and are aimed at conducting independent research. Therefore, already at the stage of admission, the student needs to decide on the topic of his dissertation and agree with the supervisor. An important document for admission is a research proposal, where you should describe your research topic, its relevance, and generally demonstrate your potential for independent analysis.

Some universities appoint a supervisor based on the research topic, while others invite students to choose from a database of professors. In this case, the applicant needs to contact the future supervisor, send him a research proposal, and discuss a plan for further work.

For admission, you will need a master's degree with a GPA of at least 3.6 out of 4, IELTS 7.5 or TOEFL scores from 107, DELF / DALF for French-language programs, a motivation letter, and 2-3 recommendation letters from professors or managers.

Some Canadian doctoral programs allow students to enroll directly after bachelor’s studies. Education in this case lasts 6 years and combines the master's and doctoral stages. The first 1-2 years of study are equivalent to a master's degree, and students devote the rest of their time to research.

That being said, the admission requirements for such programs are high — excellent grades for the last two years of bachelor’s studies (GPA not lower than 3.6 out of 4), as well as existing scientific publications and a convincing research proposal.

Deadlines

Admission deadlines depend on the university, program, and even future supervisor. Most universities close the admission period in December-January. As a rule, studies begin one year after enrollment[4].

Documents for admission

Admission process for Canadian colleges

Higher education in Canada can be obtained at an applied college. College programs last from several months to four years. Upon completion, students receive a certificate or diploma. There are also programs that pave the way towards a bachelor's degree — you can go straight into the 2nd or 3rd year, and the credits received while studying in college are counted towards the degree.

The admission process for Canadian colleges is similar to that of bachelor’s programs at universities. You will need a high school diploma with a transcript and a certificate confirming English or French proficiency.

GPA requirements and minimum language exam scores for colleges are generally lower than for universities. For example, 6.0 on the IELTS and 70 points on the TOEFL exam are deemed sufficient. Check the exact requirements on the official website of the selected college.

Applying to a CÉGEP in Quebec

If you are planning to pursue higher education in Quebec, you cannot do without a preparatory college. Here, they are called Collèges D'enseignement Général et Professionnel or CÉGEP. High school graduates must study at a CÉGEP for 2 years before entering a university in the province. They also offer career programs that last 3 years and allow graduates to immediately enter the labor market. Upon graduation from a CÉGEP, students receive a Diploma of College Studies.

A list of available CÉGEPs can be found here.

For admission to a CÉGEP, students must complete 11 years of high school. Some programs have specific requirements, such as having high grades in core high school subjects.

In Quebec, there are three centralized services for applying to a CÉGEP: SPAM (metropolitan Montreal), SRASL (administrative region of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean), and SRACQ (the rest of Quebec). Depending on the college location, students apply to one of these services.

The admission period takes place twice a year — for the fall and winter semesters. The application deadlines are February 1 and May 15, respectively. Clarify the exact dates on the official website of the selected college.

Documents for admission:

  • High school diploma with a grade transcript
  • IELTS 6.0 / TOEFL 175 / Duolingo Test 95-100 or DELF / DALF for French-language programs
  • Birth certificate copy
  • Certificate of document legalizationSometimes, the legalization of documents is handled directly by the college
  • Registration fee payment receiptAround 67 USD
Saint-Laurent CEGEP in Montreal
Saint-Laurent CEGEP in Montreal

Scholarships in Canada

Talented students of all educational levels can receive material support in the form of scholarships and grants for academic performance, sports, or professional achievements. They are called merit-based scholarships. Many Canadian universities award them automatically at the stage of enrollment[5]. View a selection of available scholarships here.

As a rule, scholarships can cover up to 50% of tuition costs. But there are also more generous grants that fully cover tuition, along with accommodation, food, and other expenses. The number of scholarship holders is always limited, and the competition is unusually high. Therefore, it is important to apply as early as possible.

Scholarships are also offered by provincial governments and private organizations. For example, the government of Quebec offers French-speaking students from other countries a discount on tuition at public universities and colleges in the province[6].

Canadian student visa

To study in Canada for more than 6 months, potential students need to obtain a Canadian study permit. The visa fee is 117 USD. Applications must be submitted before leaving for Canada. A study permit covers the entire period of study in a particular program plus 90 days to decide on further actions. The permit must be renewed if the student plans to move on to the next level of education. This can be done within the country.

A study permit is not a visa. To cross the border, the student will additionally need a tourist visa (visitor visa) or an electronic travel authorization (eTA). One of these documents will be issued along with the study permit.

Required documents:

  • Valid passport
  • 2 3х4 photographs (the full name and date of birth of the applicant must be indicated on the back)
  • Invitation letter from a Canadian university
  • Proof of financial solvencyBank statement / scholarship / sponsorship letter of at least 10,283 USD/year for Quebec, 7,829 USD/year — for other Canadian provinces
  • Certificate of good conduct
  • Health certificate

To study in Quebec, you need to obtain additional permission from the provincial government — a Certificat d'acceptation du Québec (CAQ — Québec Acceptance Certificate).

Besides this, each Canadian province has its own age of majority. A student who has not reached it at the time of admission is considered a minor, and therefore must either arrive in the country with a parent, or have a guardian in Canada. The guardianship process may delay the visa application for an additional two months.

Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan18
British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nanavut, Yukon19

UniPage guidance in the admission process

Choosing a university is an important and responsible step. UniPage experts will:

  • advise you on education abroad,
  • select universities based on your profile and budget,
  • prepare the necessary documents,
  • send applications to educational institutions,
  • apply for a university scholarship on your behalf,
  • help you get a student visa.