Bachelor of Law, LL.B (Latin: Legum Baccalaureus) — is a junior academic degree, which is awarded to people who have completed their education in the corresponding program in educational institutions of countries with the Bologna system of higher education or states of the British Commonwealth. In some countries (for example, in the USA), this degree is simply abolished, and university graduates are immediately awarded doctoral degrees in law.

Requirements for admission to the Bachelor of Law

To enroll in the Bachelor of Law course, an applicant must provide a high school diploma, English language test results, as well as documents that are required by the rules of a particular university.

Civil and Common Law in the Bachelor of Law

A Bachelor of Law program typically takes two to five years to complete. The legal practice of many states distinguishes between civil and common (case) law. Therefore, before entering, the applicant must be well acquainted with the teaching system of a particular university. Some universities focus on civil law, others on general law. For example, a Bachelor of Law graduate may be a specialist in common law, and to thoroughly study civil law, he needs to continue his studies and obtain a doctoral degree in law. Moreover, teaching systems can differ even within the same country. For example, in Canada, in some universities, bachelor of law studies mainly general law, while others (mainly in Quebec) study civil law.

In the first year, students usually study the theoretical foundations of law and prepare for the choice of specialization. In addition to compulsory subjects, there are many electives. It should be noted that if earlier canon Roman law was mandatory in almost all universities, now it has become an elective in most higher educational institutions.

Choosing a Specialization in the Bachelor of Law

Students must choose a specialization at the beginning of the second year of study. The list of possible specializations is individual for each educational institution. Most often, students are offered the following areas of jurisprudence:

  • Commercial law
  • Criminal law
  • Administrative law
  • Constitutional law
  • International law
  • Family law
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Combining the Bachelor of Law with other specialties

Jurisprudence is often closely related to other areas of economic activity, therefore, in some universities, there is a practice of training in any specialty while simultaneously completing a two-three-year law bachelor's degree course.

The most common combinations are

  • Bachelor of Arts with a Bachelor of Law degree.
  • Bachelor of Commerce with a Bachelor of Law degree.
  • Bachelor of Communications with a Bachelor of Law degree.
  • Bachelor of International Relations with a Bachelor of Law degree.

In most countries, a graduate with an LL.B. diploma is provided with greater opportunities for a further legal career.

Perspectives for a certified Bachelor of Law

In most countries, a person who has received a Bachelor of Laws degree cannot immediately start independent legal practice. The bachelor must register with the Bar Association of the respective state. Registration involves several conditions, among which are the passing of examinations by an independent commission, as well as preliminary completion of an internship as an assistant lawyer, a legal assistant in an enterprise, a clerk in court, and so on. The duration of the internship is determined by the legislative acts of a particular state.

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