University of Chicago - OverviewThe University of Chicago was founded in 1890 by the American Baptist Education Society and oil magnate John D. Rockefeller, who later described the University of Chicago as the best investment I ever made. The land for the new university, in the recently annexed suburb of Hyde Park, was donated by Marshall Field, owner of the Chicago department store that bears his name. William Rainey Harper, the first president, imagined a university that would combine an American-style undergraduate liberal arts college with a German-style graduate research university. The University of Chicago quickly fulfilled Harper's dream, becoming a national leader in higher education and research. Frederick Rudolph, professor of history at Williams College, wrote in his 1962 study, The American College and University: A History, ?No episode was more important in shaping the outlook and expectations of American higher education during those years than the founding of the University of Chicago, one of those events in American history that brought into focus the spirit of an age.? One of Harper's curricular innovations was to run classes all year round, and to allow students to graduate at whatever time of year they completed their studies.
University of Chicago - CoursesIt has a total undergraduate enrollment of over 5,700, and its 217 acre campus is located within the major city of Chicago. It utilizes a quarter-based academic calendar, which runs from late September until early June. The University of Chicago, situated in Chicago’s Hyde Park community, offers a rich campus life in a big-city setting. The UChicago Maroons have 19 NCAA Division III teams, the majority of which compete in the University Athletic Association, which is comprised of other major research institutions within major cities. At UChicago, first-years are required to live on campus, and 60 percent of the overall student body lives on campus, while others live in off-campus apartments. First year students are placed in "houses" within their residence hall , which serve as tight-knit communities and provide academic and social support. Even when students move off-campus they often choose to remain in Hyde Park and frequently engage in house activities as house associates. UChicago offers more than 350 student organizations and about 10 percent of students join a small but active Greek life community. Since 1987, the school has hosted the four-day "University of Chicago Scavenger Hunt," now a venerable university tradition. The University of Chicago comprises the College and a number of graduate and professional schools located on the same Hyde Park campus. Its postgraduate offerings include the highly ranked Booth School of Business, Law School, Pritzker School of Medicine, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, and Department of Geophysical Sciences, as well as a top-ranked graduate program in economics and a celebrated Divinity School. Famous alumni include former U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft, Nobel Laureate Milton Friedman, former Senior Advisor to President Obama David Axelrod, former U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, and author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. The University of Chicago is universally recognized for its devotion to open and rigorous inquiry. UChicago prides itself on the strength of its intellectual traditions, including a dedication to intense critical analysis and lively debate, all of which result in creative solutions to complex problems.
University of Chicago - Famous AlumniesThe University of Chicago has been home to 89 Nobel Prize winners, over 200 Guggenheim fellows, 30 Macarthur "genius" fellows, and 20 Pulitzer Prize-winners. Academics and Career Services: The University is known to encourage ‘free thinking and open inquiry’. Students and professors are encouraged to engage in substantive debates and conversations, which promotes a culture of intellectual discourse. The College offers a choice of 51 areas of programmatic study in well-defined fields such as anthropology and mathematics, to interdisciplinary programs, like biological chemistry and comparative literature, as well as pre-professional courses of study, with every choice supported by the Office of Career Advancement . Click here to view the list of academic departments.
There are dedicated research centers , which cover a wide range of subject categories. Notable research breakthroughs achieved by students and staff at the University of Chicago include:
- James Watson , the UChicago alumnus who shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for discovering the structure of DNA, launched the Human Genome Project in 1990. Today, University of Chicago scientists are building on Watson’s achievements, and reshaping our understanding of gene function and the role genes play in disease causation.
- Paleontologist Paul Sereno has discovered many previously unknown species of dinosaurs.
- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, who first proposed the existence of “black holes” in the universe, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”
- Bruce Lahn and Wen-Hsiung Li explored differences in DNA sequence and gene expression between organisms to identify genes or gene regulatory elements that distinguish humans from lower primates or that correlate with specific behaviors, traits, or biological mechanisms. Click here to explore other breakthroughs in research at UChicago.