An academic career in Malaysia is broken down into six stages: tutor, lecturer, senior lecturer, associate professor, professor, distinguished professor. The Professor's position, in turn, also has three levels: Professor Grade C, Professor Grade B, and Professor Grade A. The highest position, distinguished professor, includes the duties of all previous ones. Each university independently establishes the duties of a professor, but the core responsibilities are teaching and research. Often the position of a professor is combined with an administrative position.
The positions of a tutor or a lecturer can be obtained only after receiving a PhD. On rare occasions, a junior teaching position is offered to doctoral and even graduate students. Employment also may require research / teaching experience and 3-4 publications. Further career advancement takes place within the university. The decision on promotion is made by a specially appointed person holding a higher position in the university hierarchy. The candidate is assessed on five criteria: teaching, research, consultation, publications, service to the community, and the university. For the position of a lecturer, it is more important to have teaching experience, and for an associate professor, you should have research experience. The title of a distinguished professor is awarded only by the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia.
The average salary of a professor in Malaysia is 30,928 USD
, and a junior lecturer can earn 15,955 USD